Posted by Krishnadev Calamur

Pakistani Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif resigned Friday, hours after the country’s Supreme Court unanimously ruled to disqualify him from elected office, a move that is likely to spark political uncertainty in the South Asian country that has struggled with democracy for nearly seven decades.

The court ruled Sharif “is not honest … [and] therefore, he is disqualified to be a Member of” parliament,” and, consequently, the Prime Minister of Pakistan. In Pakistan’s parliamentary system, the leader of the largest party in parliament, is elected prime minister. Sharif said Friday that despite his “strong” reservations” at the verdict, he would abide by the court’s decision. A spokesman for his Pakistan Muslim League (Nawaz) party said the bloc would use all legal methods to challenge the decision.

The court’s decision was linked to the revelations in the Panama Papers, the documents leaked from Mossack Fonseca, the Panamian law firm, in 2016. The documents alleged that three of Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif’s four children—Mariam Safdat, Hasan Nawaz, and Hussain Nawaz Sharif—used shell companies to buy property in London. Sharif, whose party was democratically elected in 2013, has denied any wrongdoing.

Sharif was advised Friday by his interior minister, Chaudhry Nisar Ali Khan, to accept the court’s verdict, prompting his move. He is likely to be replaced as prime minister by another member of his Pakistan Muslim League (Nawaz).

This story will be updated.

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July 28th, 2017next

July 28th, 2017: San Diego Comic Con was AMAZING: I met so many great and interesting readers, got to meet some people that I really admire, and won two (TWO!) Eisner Awards, for my work on Squirrel Girl and Jughead! IT WAS PRETTY AMAZING!!

– Ryan

Posted by Krishnadev Calamur

Russia ordered the U.S. Friday to reduce its diplomatic staff in the country to 455 and seized two American diplomatic properties, in retaliation for similar steps ordered by the Obama administration last December and a sweeping sanctions bill approved this week by the U.S. Congress.

“The Russian side is suspending as of August 1 the use by the U.S. embassy in Russia of all warehouses on the Dorozhnaya Street in Moscow and the dacha compound in Serebryanyy Bor,” the Russian Foreign Ministry said in a statement.

The action also requires the U.S. to reduces its diplomatic staff to 455 by September 1—the same number of diplomats Russia maintains in the U.S.

The Russian move comes a day after the U.S. Senate passed 98-2 a sweeping sanctions bill that would tighten restrictions on a range of Russian businesses and interests, setting up a clash with President Trump, who must now decide whether to sign or veto it. The U.S. House of Representatives passed a similar measure earlier this week also by a wide margin, 419-3. As it stands now, Congress has more than enough votes to override a presidential veto.

The measure, which also tightens sanctions against North Korea and Iran, is especially controversial because not only does it tighten sanctions against Russia for its election interference and invasion of Crimea, but it mandates that the president consult with it before waiving the punitive measures against Russia; at present the president can waive sanctions determined to be detrimental to U.S. interests.

But as I wrote this week, when the House passed the measure:

The approval of the House measure comes amid scrutiny of the Trump campaign’s ties to Russian officials in the run up to the 2016 presidential election. U.S. intelligence agencies say Russia interfered in the election in order to boost Trump, though it’s unclear if Moscow’s efforts succeeded. Trump’s equivocation over the issue has led to more speculation about his campaign’s ties to Russian officials—links that are being investigated by the Justice Department and congressional committees.

The Russian actions are the first direct retaliatory steps for Obama’s action in December 2016 of expelling 30 Russian diplomats from the U.S. and seizing Russian diplomatic compounds in New York and Maryland in retaliation for Moscow’s interference in the U.S. presidential election. Russia had waited for Trump’s inauguration to see if he would carry out his professed goal of improving relations with Moscow. Trump has not said whether he’ll sign the measure, but he has in the past indicated that he views Russia as an important partner in the fight against terrorism, especially ISIS.

But the vote also sets up a clash between the U.S. and the European Union because the measure would also target European business interests in Russia, especially in the energy sector. Russia is the largest supplier of energy to the bloc. The European Commission, the EU’s executive, criticized the House version of the measure, saying it “could have unintended unilateral effects that impact the EU’s energy security interests.” Jean-Claude Juncker, the European Commission president, warned that if the U.S. didn’t take European concerns into account sufficiently, “we stand ready to act appropriately within a matter of days.” The Financial Times reported this week that the EU was already drafting possible countermeasures against the U.S., including and up to “WTO-compliant retaliatory measures.”

European reaction to the House vote can be best understood through the prism of the joint U.S.-EU sanctions imposed on Russia in 2014, following its invasion of Ukraine’s Crimea. Those sanctions took European interests into account. But the new measure would, besides targeting Russia’s mining, shipping, defense, and other sectors, also impose penalties on joint European-Russian energy projects;  the Nord Stream 2 pipeline from Russia to Germany is seen as particularly vulnerable—though that project has itself prompted divisions within the EU, with both Poland and the Baltic states, which have a long memory of Russian influence in their countries, arguing it makes Europe too reliant on Russia.

Any retaliatory EU action against the U.S. is likely to have a detrimental effect on the joint face the two allies have maintained until now against Russia’s actions in Ukraine. If the Congress-approved measure becomes law, and Europe responds, Russian officials will likely see the action as the first of many potential cracks in the Western alliance against Moscow.

History

  • Jul. 28th, 2017 at 12:31 PM
liv: cartoon of me with long plait, teapot and purple outfit (mini-me)
I don't normally care whether people read my links or not, but I would very much like it if as wide an audience as possible saw [personal profile] sovay's post I was anticipating the total destruction of Polish Jewry, about visiting an exhibition of photos from the Lodz ghetto. The subject matter is the Holocaust / Shoah.

I don't know my family history as well as Sovay does. All my great-grandparents were in England by 1900, so none of my close relatives were directly involved. I'm in a similar position that I'm pretty sure there are third etc cousins of mine who should exist but don't. The people who should have been their ancestors might be in the photos; there probably were people related to me among those murdered in Poland, no idea if they were in Lodz specifically.

Whichever Nazi it was that claimed 'a million deaths is a statistic', the scale matters in a different way. That is, one person murdered because of who they are is already too many, but once you get into the millions, everybody is affected. Every Jewish person with any European connections at all might, it's probably best to assume they do, have missing relatives. Every part of history since 1930 is marked by that mass murder.

Anyway. I have more to say but I'm not sure I want to say it on a public post, and you're better reading the linked post anyway.

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Life-art-life

  • Jul. 28th, 2017 at 7:07 AM
kate_nepveu: sleeping cat carved in brown wood (Default)
last night, I went to see part 2 of Angels in America, where the "have you no decency" quote from the McCarthy hearings plays a prominent role, and this morning before I'd looked at any news, Chad said to me, "so, McCain, huh?"

honestly it seems a little on-point, I'm afraid to trust it.

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reviews_and_ramblings: (Default)
Into Thin Air Jeannie Levig
Lesbian - Romantic Suspence
Paperback: 240 pages
Publisher: Bold Strokes Books (January 17, 2017)
Language: English
ISBN-10: 1626397228
ISBN-13: 978-1626397224
Amazon: Into Thin Air Jeannie Levig

Hannah Lewis’s life is exactly where she thinks it should be. But when her girlfriend, Jordan, disappears into thin air and she and Jordan’s best friend, Nikki, are drawn closer in the search, she discovers that lovers can be strangers and perceived knowledge just as illusory. The more she learns, the less she seems to know, and the more she discovers about herself.

Jordan Webber, a civil rights attorney, emotional economist, and failed monogamist, has her secrets, but none of them account for the sudden turn her life takes as she is ripped away from everything she knows. In a struggle for her sanity, she is forced to confront who she has been and decide if that is still who she wants to be. When they come together again, can anything ever be the same?
reviews_and_ramblings: (Default)
Happy Merry Christmas Amy Tasukada
Gay - Contemporary Romance
Series: Would it be Okay to Love you
Paperback: 90 pages
Publisher: Macarons & Tea Publishing; 1 edition (November 11, 2016)
Language: English
ISBN-10: 0997865326
ISBN-13: 978-0997865325
Amazon: Happy Merry Christmas Amy Tasukada

Will they ever get the Christmas of their dreams?

Aoi can’t wait for his first Christmas Eve with Sato. The erotic voice actor Aoi wants nothing more than to share the Japanese tradition of having a KFC chicken dinner with his boyfriend.

When Aoi is offered an incredible gig that would finally earn him enough money to move in with Sato, he takes it without thinking. He fails to realize that the job could cause him to miss spending Christmas Eve with Sato altogether…

Sato is counting down the seconds to his Christmas Eve with Aoi. He’s even planning a big surprise with a present from Santa. There’s only one problem: he can’t find the perfect gift, and Christmas is fast approaching.

Just when everything falls into place for Aoi and Sato, they must overcome their greatest challenge yet: learning to be there for each other, even when countless obstacles are keeping them apart.

Happy Merry Christmas is a sweet romance. If you like heart-warming characters, romance that makes you smile, and a pinch of holiday drama, then you’ll love Amy Tasukada’s tale of Christmas joy.

Buy Happy Merry Christmas to feel the holiday love today!
New research is calling for immediate safeguards and the study of a widely used method for repairing sewer, stormwater and drinking water pipes to understand the potential health and environmental concerns for workers and the public.
Steps forward in the search for life beyond Earth can be as simple as sending a balloon into the sky. In one of the most unique and extensive eclipse observation campaigns ever attempted, NASA is collaborating with student teams across the U.S. to do just that.
reviews_and_ramblings: (Default)
Better Than Suicide (The Yakuza Path #2) Amy Tasukada
Gay - Mystery / Thriller
Series: The Yakuza Path
Paperback: 376 pages
Publisher: Macarons & Tea Publishing (May 20, 2017)
Language: English
ISBN-10: 0997865342
ISBN-13: 978-0997865349
Amazon: Better Than Suicide (The Yakuza Path #2) Amy Tasukada

If you buy the paperback, you'll get the ebook for FREE!
A bag of drugs. A twisted cop. A mob on the verge of self-destruction…

Nao Murata is the new Godfather of the Matsukawa syndicate. When Detective Yamada confronts Nao over a dead drug dealer, the Nao knows his organization isn’t responsible. The Matsukawa doesn’t deal drugs… or does it?

When Nao discovers drugs in a locker owned by his syndicate, he no longer knows who to trust. With the police bearing down on the Matsukawa, Nao must make unlikely allies to find out the truth. Can he discover who is betraying him before time runs out, or will everyone suffer for a crime he didn’t commit?

Better Than Suicide is the second book in a Japanese mafia thriller series. If you like complex plots, gripping suspense, and splash of gay romance, then you’ll love the next installment in Amy Tasukada’s Yakuza Path series.
Buy Better Than Suicide to start the race against the clock today!
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Blood Stained Tea (The Yakuza Path #1) Amy Tasukada
Gay - Mystery / Thriller
Series: The Yakuza Path
Paperback: 362 pages
Publisher: Macarons & Tea Publishing (December 8, 2016)
Language: English
ISBN-10: 099786530X
ISBN-13: 978-0997865301
Amazon: Blood Stained Tea (The Yakuza Path #1) Amy Tasukada

If you buy the paperback, you'll get the ebook for FREE!

A bloody past haunts him. A devastating present lures him back...

Nao hides from his violent past in the Japanese mob by opening a teahouse in Japan's cultural center, Kyoto. His past comes flooding back when he discovers a gravely injured man with a tattooed chest, a bloody knife, and a Korean business card.

Saehyun would've died if not for Nao's help. He knows nothing of his savior's connection with the local mafia, but Saehyun has his own secrets. He commands the Korean mafia, the mortal enemy of Nao’s former syndicate.

As Nao and Saehyun grow closer, so does the strength of the Korean mob. A shocking murder pulls Nao back into a past he'd all but abandoned. War is looming, and Nao must choose between protecting Saehyun or avenging the honor of his old mafia family.

The Yakuza Path: Blood Stained Tea is the first book in a series of Japanese mafia thrillers. If you like complex characters, blood-soaked violence, and twists you won't see coming, then you'll love Amy Tasukada's gritty crime masterpiece.
Buy The Yakuza Path to dive deep into the Asian mafia tale today!
Cell division is an essential process in humans, animals and plants as dying or injured cells are replenished throughout life. Cells divide at least a billion times in the average person, usually without any problem. However, when cell division goes wrong, it can lead to a range of diseases, such as cancer, and problems with fertility and development, including babies born with the wrong number of chromosomes as in Down's syndrome.

Sleep or sex? How the fruit fly decides

  • Jul. 28th, 2017 at 5:00 AM
Choosing between sex or sleep presents a behavioral quandary for many species, including the fruit fly. A multi-institution team has found that, in Drosophila at least, males and females deal with these competing imperatives in fundamentally different ways, they report July 28 in the journal Nature Communications.
reviews_and_ramblings: (Default)
For a Good Time, Call (Bluewater Bay #17) Anne Tenino & E.J. Russell
Asexual - Contemporary Romance
Series: Bluewater Bay (Book 17)
Paperback: 310 pages
Publisher: Riptide Publishing (March 29, 2017)
Language: English
ISBN-10: 1626495939
ISBN-13: 978-1626495937
Amazon: For a Good Time, Call (Bluewater Bay #17) Anne Tenino & E.J. Russell

Thirty-seven-year-old Nate Albano’s second relationship ever ended three years ago, and since he’s grace—gray asexual—he doesn’t anticipate beating the odds to find a third. Still, he’s got his dog, his hobbies, and his job as a special effects technician on Wolf’s Landing, so he can’t complain—much.

Seth Larson, umpteenth generation Bluewater Bay, is the quintessential good-time guy, content with tending bar and being his grandmother’s handyman. The night they meet, Seth’s looking for some recreational sex to escape family drama. But for Nate, romantic attraction comes before sexual attraction, so while Seth thinks they’re hooking up, Nate just wants to talk . . . genealogy?

Dude. Seriously?

So they declare a “just friends” truce. Then Seth asks for Nate’s help investigating a sinister Larson family secret, and their feelings start edging way beyond platonic. But Nate may want more than Seth can give him, and Seth may not be able to leave his good-time image behind. Unless they can find a way to merge carefree with commitment, they could miss out on true love—the best time of all.

Posted by Annabelle Timsit

Shifting Current
Matthew Bremner | Roads & Kingdoms
There are now only 4,000 active fishermen in Scotland, down from 8,000 in 1970. Since 1996, the size of the Scottish fleet has been reduced by more than 219 boats, and where there were once 20 flourishing harbors scattered across its coast, there are now only three. The problem, fishermen say, is the European Union, which has thwarted the British fishing sector since the implementation of the Common Fisheries Policy, or CFP, in 1983. Indeed, what has been for years a divided industry, famous for its ruthless competition and infighting, has united behind Britain’s decision to leave the EU. While 60 percent of Scotland’s population voted ‘Remain’ in last year’s Brexit referendum, more than 90 percent of its fishermen did the opposite.”

* * *

How an Entire Nation Became Russia's Test Lab for Cyberwar
Andy Greenberg | WIRED
In Russia’s shadow, the decades-old nightmare of hackers stopping the gears of modern society has become a reality...And the blackouts weren’t just isolated attacks. They were part of a digital blitzkrieg that has pummeled Ukraine for the past three years—a sustained cyber­assault unlike any the world has ever seen. A hacker army has systematically undermined practically every sector of Ukraine: media, finance, transportation, military, politics, energy. Wave after wave of intrusions have deleted data, destroyed computers, and in some cases paralyzed organizations’ most basic functions. ‘You can’t really find a space in Ukraine where there hasn’t been an attack,’ says Kenneth Geers, a NATO ambassador who focuses on cybersecurity.”

* * *

One Woman’s Fight to Claim Her ‘Blackness’ in Brazil
Cleuci De Oliveira | Foreign Policy Magazine
Brazil is well known for its ethnic diversity, and people often speak about its racially mixed population in celebratory terms. In a 2012 interview with Live Science, Stephen Stearns, an evolutionary biologist at Yale University, sought to illustrate how humanity will become more genetically homogenous over time. A few centuries from now, we’re all going to look like Brazilians, he said. In the 1940s, some of Brazil’s leading sociologists advanced the theory that the country was a “racial democracy”—truer to the melting pot ideal than the United States was. But the national pride for the country’s comparatively harmonious relations obscured the brutal history that forged its multiracial people.”

* * *

The Next Moon Landing Is Near—Thanks to These Pioneering Engineers
Sam Howe Verhovek | National Geographic
Nearly 50 years after the culmination of the first major race to the moon, in which the United States and the Soviet Union spent fantastic amounts of public money in a bid to land the first humans on the lunar surface, an intriguing new race to our nearest neighbor in space is unfolding—this one largely involving private capital and dramatically lower costs. The most immediate reward, the $20 million Google Lunar XPrize (or GLXP) will be awarded to one of five finalist teams from around the world. They’re the first ever privately funded teams to attempt landing a traveling vehicle on the moon that can transmit high-quality imagery back to Earth.”

* * *

The Spanish Exception
Omar G. Encarnación | Foreign Affairs
Although much of the West has been shaken by right-wing populist rebellions—from the stunning victory of President Donald Trump in the United States to the United Kingdom's vote to leave the European Union—one country seems curiously immune from it all: Spain. No electorally viable movement in Spain espouses a nativist, xenophobic, or anti-globalization platform. Indeed, far-right or populist parties in Spain have been unable to get more than one percent of the vote in most recent elections; the Spanish Parliament is one of very few in Europe in which these parties have no representation. Similarly, euroskepticism—the desire to lessen ties with the EU—is weak among Spaniards. A 2016 survey by the Pew Research Center found that, among all Europeans, Spaniards were the least supportive of reclaiming more power for national governments from the European Parliament in Brussels.”

Posted by Celso Barros

It should have been a climax. On July 12, Luis Inácio Lula da Silva, the former president of Brazil, was sentenced to nine and a half years in prison after Judge Sergio Moro found him guilty of accepting bribes (in the form of a beachside apartment) from the building cartel at the heart of Lava Jato, or “Operation Car Wash.” Operation Car Wash is a money-laundering investigation that began in March 2014 and eventually uncovered a sprawling corruption scheme in which a construction cartel manipulated bids for contracts at Petrobras, Brazil’s state-run oil firm, by paying bribes to the company’s employees and to the politicians who appointed its executives. Further investigations showed that virtually all political campaigns in Brazil were financed through bribes. In Brazilian journalist Renata Lo Prete’s words, Brazilian politics has been living under the “Império da Lava Jato”—“Rule of Operation Car Wash.”

Once Operation Car Wash picked up steam, it became harder to stop. The judges and prosecutors in charge seemed sincere about punishing corrupt politicians from all parties: They have unearthed damning evidence against Aécio Neves, who ran against former president Dilma Rousseff in 2014, and have also brought down key allies of President Michel Temer. Lula’s conviction should offer definitive proof that no Brazilian, no matter how beloved—he still leads the polls for the 2018 presidential election—is above the law. And yet with the rise of a new, much stronger conservative coalition, Operation Car Wash is fighting for its life.

In April, shortly before Brazil’s lower chamber of Congress voted to impeach Rousseff, Romero Jucá, who now leads Temer’s coalition in the senate, was caught on tape openly plotting against Operation Car Wash. On the tape (recorded by a former Petrobras executive who was negotiating a plea bargain), he called for a big deal involving all parties and the Supreme Court to “stop the bleeding” caused by Lava Jato—a deal that would, in other words, protect all Brazilian politicians, of both the left and the right, from the probe’s penetrating glare. Jucá seemed to understand that the best way to accomplish this would be to replace Rousseff with Temer, her running mate in 2010 and 2014. (Brazil allows multi-party coalitions to present multi-party tickets.) “Michel [Temer]would be our best solution,” he said in the recording.

What now seems clear is that Jucá’s remarks were the opening salvo in a sustained attack from the political class against Operation Car Wash, one unprecedented in its ruthlessness. Two weeks ago, Temer’s new justice minister disbanded the Car Wash task force, which was housed under the federal police. The government said that while Operation Car Wash would proceed, its investigators would no longer work exclusively on Car Wash cases, while other investigators new to the task force would also be brought on. The government insisted this would have no impact on investigations, but Car Wash prosecutors have argued that this is a deliberate effort to dismantle the investigation. Meanwhile, since Rousseff’s fall, Brazilian lawmakers of all ideological stripes have twice tried to give themselves amnesty from prosecution for campaign finance fraud, failing only after intense pressure from the media and the Brazilian public.

If the already unpopular Temer does in fact halt Operation Car Wash, his governing coalition will lose support. That’ll force him to rely even more heavily on Brazil’s political and economic elites, who are far more likely to align with his Brazilian Democratic Movement Party (PMDB) than the PT. (Even if Temer is ousted for corruption, he will be replaced with another conservative, Rodrigo Maia, the hapless head of Congress.) There is little question that Lula and many other PT leaders would have stopped Operation Car Wash if they could. But because the Brazilian left has always been far weaker than its right-wing adversaries, the PT had little recourse as the investigation began to ensnare its top members. In addition, neither the PT nor its leftist coalition has ever come close to winning a congressional majority. As good, union-supported leftists, the party was also comparatively less enthusiastic about market-friendly reforms. Instead, it bought elite support by granting tax breaks and doling out government subsidies. Eventually, the Brazilian state ran out of money to provide either, which is part of the explanation for the current crisis.

Many PT leaders (including Lula) put enormous pressure on Rousseff to replace her justice minister, José Eduardo Cardozo, who did not interfere with the investigations. She resisted the pressure for a time. But as it became clearer that her presidency was entering its final stretch, in a move to shore up congressional support, she replaced Cardozo, eventually settling on Eugênio Aragão, who is widely regarded as anti-Car Wash. By then, she was too weak to work out any deals that could have saved her.

Temer’s conservative coalition is much stronger than the PT. While his PMDB party has never won the presidency at the ballot box outright in the nearly 30 years since the beginning of democracy in Brazil, it has managed to install three of its vice presidents in the presidency (twice following impeachments). The party’s formidability stems, in part, from its record as perhaps Brazil’s most efficient rent-extracting machine. It has sold its support to every government since democratization: In the country’s fragmented political system, where the president’s party usually has no more than 20 percent of congressional seats, a big party like the PMDB has always been a sought-after coalition partner.

Meanwhile, several of Temer’s closest associates are in jail. One of them, Eduardo Cunha, is negotiating a plea bargain that could well implicate the rest of PMDB. Temer himself has recently become the first sitting Brazilian president to be criminally prosecuted.

It’s no surprise, then, that Temer’s people want to stop Operation Car Wash. On July 24, Carlos Fernando dos Santos Lima, one of the operation’s leading prosecutors, wrote: “Ending Car Wash. That seems to be PMDB’s next step.” In fact, the new government seems to be in a much better position to fight for the survival of the Brazilian political class.

The new coalition demonstrated its superior firepower on June 9, when Temer was acquitted by the National Electoral Court on charges of campaign irregularities—specifically, accusations that the Rousseff-Temer ticket had funded its campaign with bribe money. Most people believe the trial was a sham: The president of the court was Gilmar Mendes, Temer’s close ally and a constant presence at the presidential palace; the trial was also delayed until Temer could legally replace two of the judges. It is hard to believe those same judges would have acquitted Rousseff, who ran with Temer, if she were still president. Judge Mendes was notoriously harsh against PT defendants.

Temer’s political survival is premised on giving the elites, like the powerful Federation of São Paulo Industries, just what they want: pro-market reforms. Since he took office, Brazil’s congress has approved a 20-year spending cap and an overhaul of labor regulations, and is attempting to reform pensions. While Rousseff eventually became more market-friendly, Temer has promised to be far more reform-oriented and fiscally conservative; he’s cautious about reversing tax breaks, and, with some reluctance, has restricted the role of the development bank. Moreover, he gave key economic, diplomatic, education, and justice ministry posts to the right-wing parties who lost the 2014 election. Thanks to Temer’s agenda—parts of which are reasonable and necessary—the Brazilian right will get to implement its agenda without winning an election.

That, it seems, is Temer’s grand bargain: to buy economic elites with market reform, and political elites with the apparent promise of impunity. This is a much more solid coalition than anything PT could ever cobble together, and certainly more capable of resisting Operation Car Wash—a political machine that needs little from the people to sustain itself.

For now, Operation Car Wash is kept alive by the media (including, to their credit, some conservative outlets), very small leftist parties, and parts of the judicial system. Business leaders who supported Operation Car Wash before Rousseff´s impeachment have gone oddly quiet. Yet the Operation remains wildly popular: an IPSOS poll from March shows that Sergio Moro, the judge who convicted Lula, has an 63 percent approval rate. But this widespread support has not yet translated into effective political action. This is partly due to political polarization. Supporters of Operation Car Wash on the left and on the right are not willing to march side by side. That is why it’s too soon to divine the meaning of Lula’s conviction. No one can be sure that it is part of a complete overhaul of the system. In fact, Lula might actually manage to avoid punishment amid some kind of general amnesty concocted by his adversaries.

Perhaps a revived left could emerge in the wake of Lula’s conviction, one that could negotiate economic reforms with a better balance between fairness and efficiency? Easier said than done. According to the polls, the only Brazilian who could tie Lula in the second round in 2018 is Sergio Moro, the very judge who convicted him. Maybe that’s a sign that Brazilian society is desperately trying to reconcile the demands of social justice and clean politics—to bring together Lula’s and Mora’s legacies. As the Temer administration demonstrates, it may end up with neither.

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